Frequently Asked Questions

Biometric Wellness Devices In Law Enforcement

Point of Arrest

What are “point of arrest” biometric wellness devices?

“Point of arrest” biometric wellness devices are specialized handcuffs embedded with biosensors. These biometric wellness devices measure the body’s basic functions, such as heart rate, blood pressure, and stress indicators, to assess the arrestee's health and emotional state.

Why do law enforcement agencies need a biometric wellness device at the point of arrest?

These devices can provide immediate biometric information, ensuring officers know of potential health issues or heightened emotions. This can help officers better handle an arrestee exhibiting heightened functions, such as blood pressure, due to stress or to contact emergency services if more serious problems arise.

How does a biometric wellness device benefit law enforcement?

Biometric wellness devices benefit law enforcement by objectively assessing an individual's well-being. An arresting officer can see the arrestee's device read out and not solely rely on their observations or what the arrestee discloses to the officer. This can also serve as an additional measure to protect the health rights of the arrestee, ensuring any necessary medical attention is provided promptly.

Are these devices mandatory for law enforcement?

No, they are not mandatory for all law enforcement agencies, but they are considered a best practice for ensuring the well-being of individuals being taken into custody.

Do these devices protect the rights of individuals at the point of arrest?

Yes, they can. By objectively assessing an individual's well-being, they can help protect the health rights of the arrestee.

What about privacy concerns?

Privacy is a significant consideration. Proper protocols and consent-taking should be in place to ensure that an arrestee's personal health information is protected and used appropriately. Most devices do not store data long-term and can be wiped following a state’s data privacy laws and regulations after each use.

Are there any known cases where a biometric wellness device has changed the course of an arrest?

There are anecdotal reports and case studies where using these devices helped officers recognize an arrestee's need for medical help, leading to appropriate action before continuing detention.

How are law enforcement officers trained to use these devices?

Officers would receive specialized training that includes device operation, when to apply the device in the arrest process, and reading and interpreting the output data. The training also covers procedures to respect an arrestee's rights and privacy.


Why is it important for law enforcement agencies to use biometric wellness devices during detainee transportation?

Biometric wellness devices offer real-time monitoring of the body’s basic functions, such as heart rate and temperature. These devices can ensure prompt medical attention in emergencies. This ensures the safety of detainees and the officers involved in transporting them.

How can a biometric wellness device assist police officers when transporting detainees to a facility or hospital?

The biometric wellness device can track a detainee's basic functions throughout the transport, such as heart rate and temperature. It will alert officers to a potential concern if it detects an anomaly. This will enable the officer to take appropriate action or reroute to a medical facility if necessary.

What are the unique features of this device that are beneficial to law enforcement agencies during transport?

This biometric wellness device is tamper-proof, has a GPS range of 50 feet, and has robust data encryption. It can also be integrated with existing law enforcement technology to provide seamless tracking and monitoring of an individual's health.

Are there cases of detainee deaths during transportation, and how can biometric wellness devices help prevent these events?

This technology offers a proactive approach to wellness management. Reports show that biometric wellness devices have significantly reduced detainee deaths during transportation.

How can biometric wellness devices benefit detainees during transport?

The biometric wellness device continuously monitors the detainee’s basic functions, such as heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen levels. This ensures law enforcement is aware of the well-being of detainees throughout the transportation. It gives the officer and detainee peace of mind for a smooth transition to their next location.

Data Privacy

What specific detainee or inmate health data is collected and tracked by your biometric bands?

Our biometric bands collect key biometric readings including heart rate, heart rate variability, blood oxygen level, skin temperature, as well as ambient environment temperature and physical activity level. This data provides a comprehensive view of a detainee's or inmate's health and well-being.

How is sensitive detainee or inmate data stored and protected from unauthorized access or breaches that could violate privacy?

Detainee and inmate data privacy and security are our top priorities. All data is encrypted end-to-end, from the biometric sensor to the gateway, to the cloud, and to the web portal and mobile app. Access is tightly controlled through multi-factor authentication and role-based access control, so users can only access the minimum data required for their job functions. We adhere to the highest standards of data protection.

How long will detainee or inmate biometric data be retained in your records?

Each agency we work with sets its own data retention policies. The system allows data to be automatically deleted immediately after a monitoring session ends or after a set retention period. When data is deleted, it is permanently erased across all backup instances. We recommend agencies retain data for a reasonable period to support incident investigations, as biometric data has helped agencies defend against lawsuits related to in-custody incidents in the past.

Will detainee or inmate health data be shared with outside organizations without a detainee’s or inmate's consent?

No, 4Sight Labs never shares detainee or inmate data with outside parties under any circumstances. Detainee and inmate privacy is protected.

Could detainee or inmate data be subpoenaed for legal cases or investigations without their approval

Like any company, 4Sight Labs is legally required to comply with valid court orders and subpoenas. However, even in those cases, biometric data has limited uses. Under HIPAA regulations, the data can only be used to protect the health and safety of the individual, not for prosecutorial purposes against them.